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difference between PCOD & PCOS

Understanding the difference between PCOD & PCOS

Polycystic Ovarian Disease is PCOD and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is PCOS. These two medical conditions are quite common these days and lead to abnormal weight gain, infertility and irregular menstrual cycles.

To understand the difference between PCOD and PCOS, let us learn in detail:

PCOD is a condition in which the ovaries produce immature or partially mature eggs in large numbers. These eggs then form cysts in ovaries which causes the ovaries to become large and secrete abnormal amounts of male hormones. This condition can be easily controlled with the right diet and lifestyle modifications.

On the other hand, PCOS is a metabolic disorder in which a woman experiences hormonal imbalance in their reproductive years (between ages 12 and 51). This causes delayed or skipped menstrual cycles. The increase in the male hormones makes it hard to get pregnant. Thus PCOS is one of the major reasons why many women have infertility issues and abnormal hair growth on the body and face. This condition requires proper medical treatment.

Major Differences between PCOS and PCOD:

Most people get confused with the idea of PCOD and PCOS. Some think that these two conditions are the same. Although both medical conditions are associated with ovaries and hormonal imbalances, they are actually different.

  • PCOD is a common disorder, happening due to poor lifestyle, obesity, stress and hormonal imbalance. But PCOS is a metabolic disorder and is more complicated than PCOD and leads to anovulation where ovaries stop releasing eggs.
  • Women can still ovulate with PCOD if they follow certain lifestyle changes and medical advice. but with PCOS, a woman cannot ovulate. This is why immediate medical treatment is necessary to cure PCOS as this condition increases the risk of miscarriage and premature birth.

Treatments for PCOS and PCOD

In most cases, doctors advise certain lifestyle changes that manage the common symptoms of both PCOS and PCOD such as irregular periods, acne, facial hair growth, weight gain and metabolic disorder. The treatments vary from person to person based on their symptoms such as:

  • Regulation of menstrual cycle with medication.
  • Regulation of normal ovulation with oral medications and injections.
  • Fertility drugs to improve fertility.
  • Acne and pigmentation treatment through medications and skin care regime.
  • Laparoscopic treatment for serious PCOS patients.

To be sure if your symptoms are that of PCOS or PCOD, find the best PCOD & PCOS treatment in Vadodara.

Necessary Lifestyle Changes to Control PCOD / PCOS
  • Maintaining healthy body weight: the right body weight is the most important factor that keeps the hormonal balance in check. Maintaining a healthy body weight reduces the chance of high cholesterol levels, and reduces the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes. Most importantly, the right body weight balances the insulin levels and androgen levels that control the ovulation process.
  • Reduce carb consumption: If you have PCOD or PCOS always follow a low-carb diet or take a complex carbohydrates diet that helps in maintaining insulin levels. Incorporate healthy protein, vegetables that grow above ground and natural fats.
  • Do regular exercise and be active: One of the best remedies to control and reduce PCOD or PCOS is doing regular exercise. Keep an active fitness routine to manage healthy body weight, and stress level and balance the metabolism.

If you need to consult with the best gynecologist in Vadodara, book your appointment today with Narayan Smruti Multispeciality Hospital.